116
ENDNOTES
51 Football Academy Zurich Website,
/ (accessed 18 February 2011).
52 Cycling Anti-Doping Foundation,
The biological passport and the UCI’s anti-doping measures
,
.
uci.ch/Modules/BUILTIN/getObject.asp?MenuId=MjI0NQ&ObjTypeCode=FILE&type=FILE&id=NDY4M
jA&LangId=1 (accessed 18 February 2011).
53 Early Warning System GmbH Website,
/ (accessed 18 February 2011).
54 Original emphasis. Ben Gunn and Jeff Rees,
Environmental Review of Integrity in Professional Tennis
, p. 31.
55 Floyd Landis filed a federal lawsuit under the False Claims Act, in which whistleblowers can
bring “qui tam” actions
in the name of the United States
to recover moneys paid out by the federal
government based on false claims. Qui tam actions can be extended to other types of fraudulent
or corrupt behaviour in which the accused has earned significant illicit gains. See “Floyd Landis as
Whistleblower?”
Sports Law Blog
, 13 September 2010,
-
landis-as-whistleblower.html (accessed 18 February 2011).
56 “Beyond Yao: The Future of Chinese Basketball”,
Knowledge@Wharton
, 26 January 2011, http://
knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=2689 (accessed 18 February 2011).
57
cbafaq.com; NBPA.com; NBA.com
; “NBA increases shared revenue by 63 percent”,
Street &
Smith’s SportsBusiness Journal
, April 2008,
/
Issues/2008/04/20080428/This-Weeks-News/NBA-Increases-Shared-Revenue-By-63-Percent.aspx,
(accessed 21 February 2011).
58 “NBA Team Values: The Business of Basketball”,
Forbes
,
/
basketball-valuations-11_rank.html (accessed 18 February 2011).
59 For the details, see Larry Coon’s Salary Cap FAQ,
,
(accessed February 18, 2011).
60
coolspotters.com; Bulls Tickets.com; NBA.com
, “Top 10 endorsement superstars”,
cnn.com
, 2008, http://
money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/fortune/0711/gallery.endorsements.fortune/index.html, (accessed
21 February 2011); ‘Yao Ming Bought His Former Club Shanghai Sharks’,
chinahush.com
, 15 July
2009,
,
(accessed 21 February 2011);
Forbeschina.com
; Jonah Freedman, “The 50 Highest Earning American
Athletes”,
Sports Illustrated
,
(accessed, 21 February 2011);
onlineporker.net
; “Tony vs. Eva: Who Makes More?”,
Forbes
, 17 November
2010,
-
more/ (accessed 21 February 2011).
61 For department responsibilities, see
NBA.com
, “What Position Do YouWant to Play:Career
Opportunities”,
(accessed 18 February 2011).
The NBA adopted a code of conduct for fans in the aftermath of the Indiana-Detroit brawl in 2005. See
(accessed 18 February 2011).
62 The investigation was led by Lawrence B. Pedowitz, a partner at Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
and a former criminal prosecutor. The Pedowitz report is available at
interactives/_documents/100208nba_pedowitz.pdf (accessed 18 February 2011) and summarised at
(accessed 18 February 2011).
63 A WNBA team, the Connecticut Sun, is based at the Mohegan Sun casino.
64 Mark Woods, “Who Are the Real Dopes in the NBA– The Players or the Policy-Makers”,
TheSportBlog
,
25 February 2009,
Guardian.com
,
-
basketball-drugs (accessed 18 February 2011). Scandals related to performance-enhancing drug use in
basketball are not uncommon at lower levels of the sport but rare in the NBA. See above, n. 9.
65 Jeff Benedict,
Out of Bounds: Inside the NBA’s Culture of Rape, Violence, and Crime
(New York: It Books,
2005).
66 For the debate, see Benedict,
Out of Bounds
; George Dohrmann,
Play Their Hearts Out: A Coach, His Star
Recruit, and the Youth Basketball Machine
(New York: Ballantine Books, 2010); and Jordan Mamorsky,
“Preventing Player Misconduct in Sports: A Cultural Battle”, Sports Litigation Research Archives, 22
October 2010
(accessed 18 February
2011).
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