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MAPPING INTEGRITY THREATS
At the systemic league or association level, apart from integrity threats in-
volving systemic corruption, the most significant integrity issue is
health
and welfare negligence
. Sport often involves athletes accepting Faustian
bargains, trading off long-term health in return for near-term performance or
financial reward. Neglect of long-term brain damage to boxers, for example,
continues to present a serious constraint on the growth of the sport in many
countries. Retired players of such contact sports as American and Australian
football or rugby often suffer recurring musculoskeletal problems and perma-
nent effects from concussions. Health and welfare concerns also arise from
the treatment of animals in horse- and dog-racing and other sports. Mean-
while, in the United States, perceived NFL negligence of players suffering
concussions produced a groundswell of media and fan criticism, bringing the
league under intense scrutiny.
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© MONITOR QUEST LTD. 2011
GUARDING THE GAME Preserving the Integrity of Sport
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