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THE DYNAMIC ECOSYSTEMS OF MAJOR SPORTS
THE GLOBAL CRICKET ECOSYSTEM
For more than a billion people worldwide cricket is the
only
sport. Taken
around the world in the nineteenth century by the British, cricket has left
a passionate sporting legacy in former colonies such as Australia, Pakistan,
India, Sri Lanka, South Africa, and New Zealand.
Cricket has been played internationally since England first took on Australia
in the summer of 1877, and it has had a governing body– the ICC (first the
Imperial Cricket Commission, now the International Cricket Council) – since
1909. The ICC, now based in Dubai, oversees the game in three forms: Test
Matches (played over five days, and considered to be the apogee of the sport);
One Day Internationals (ODIs) and Twenty20 (lasting around three hours).
The ICC currently has 105 member nations: 10 Full Members that play Test
matches, 35 Associate Members, and 60 Affiliate Members. It has several re-
sponsibilities in the modern game:
Promoting the game through its global development programme
and organising international tournaments, such as the ODI World
Cup (the most important cricket tournament), the Champions
Trophy (played between the eight highest ranked international
teams), and the Twenty20 World Cup;
Ensuring that its member nations play the game according to the
laws of cricket
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as framed by the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC, the
sport’s original governing body);
Overseeing international games, including appointing umpires
and officials and deciding rules on issues like the introduction of
technology such as TV replays for umpiring decisions;
Setting and enforcing international standards for venues;
Enforcing a code of conduct for players and umpires and
maintaining the integrity of the game through its anti-doping and
anti-corruption units;
Penalising and suspending players of member nations when they
breach the code of conduct.
© MONITOR QUEST LTD. 2011
GUARDING THE GAME Preserving the Integrity of Sport
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