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APPENDIX I
Threat
Description and rationale
Example
7. Management Malfeasance
Systematic
Surreptitious Violation
of League Rules
Club officials may “cook the books” to deceive
league auditors and thereby defeat parity stric-
tures such as salary caps and league revenue
sharing formulas.
Teams may engage in systematic doping, either
through management/athlete collusion or turning
a blind eye to banned-substance usage.
Combinations of athletes, trainers, staff, and
management may conspire to create an elabo-
rate hoax, manipulating the rules of the game to
tactical advantage.
• 1990s-2000s:
Tour de France
: 1998 Tour mockingly
referred to as “Le Tour du Dopage” due to discov-
ery of doping in Festina team of France. In 2006,
winner Floyd Landis disqualified (and claims former
teammate and seven-time Tour champion Lance
Armstrong also culpable), Riccardo Ricco dismissed
by team and arrested for testing positive for CERA;
Jan Ullrich, Ivan Basso, six other riders barred on eve
of Tour for implication in Operación Puerto scandal;
in 2007, race leader Michael Rasmussen, removed
by his team for lying; in 2008 Italy’s Leonardo Piepoli
and Germany’s Stefan Schumacher, both Tour stage
winners, tested positive for CERA.
• 2009:
“Bloodgate”
: in the quarter final of the 2009
Heineken Cup, against the Irish side Leinster, Tom
Williams, the English team Harlequins wing, comes
off the field with faked bloody mouth, created with a
capsule of blood, to facilitate a tactical substitution.
Investigation discloses blood injuries had been faked
by Harlequins on four earlier occasions. Williams is
banned for 12 months, reduced to four on appeal,
with Dean Richards, director of rugby, banned for
three years and team physiotherapist Steph Brennan
for two. Club fined £260,000. Chas Jillings, Harlequin
chairman, tenders resignation, club doctor Wendy
Chapman suspended for cutting Williams’ lip to simu-
late injury, and hide his use of applied blood.
• 2010:
Cap Breach
: Melbourne Storm–Australian
rugby’s “team of the decade” for the 2000s – found
guilty of gross long-term salary cap breaches. Na-
tional Rugby League of Australia strips club of titles
from 2006 to 2009, fines it a record $1.7 million,
and imposes variety of other penalties and bans for
the 2010 season. Storm officials confessed they
had run well-organised dual contract and bookkeep-
ing system and failed to inform league of $3.21
million in payments made to players outside the
cap. Several sponsors withdraw support, several
others stay on, their logos featuring prominently in
hastily redone strip.
© MONITOR QUEST LTD. 2011
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