67 Intercollegiate sports may prepare student-athletes for professional careers not only in American
football and basketball but also in baseball, football (men’s and women’s), women’s basketball, golf,
and tennis, among other sports. There are other broad paths to entry in these other professional
sports, however, and some of them may not be financially rewarding to participants.
68 USC from 1 July 2009 to 30 June 2010; University of Texas from 1 September 2009 to 31 August 2010;
“The Equity in Athletics” Data Analysis Cutting Tool website–U.S. Department of Education, http://
ope.ed.gov/athletics/ (accessed 1 March 2011).
69 Division I members must offer a minimum of 14 sports and should sponsor at least two team sports
for each gender. See “How Athletics Programs Are Classified”,
NCAA Website,
re+Classified, (accessed 18 February 2011).
70 Comment by Rachel Newman-Baker at a gathering hosted by Monitor Quest, Cambridge, MA, 30
September 2010.
71 For excerpts from the script of
, see
(accessed 18
February 2011).
72 Allen Barra, “Whose Best Interests Does the NCAA Serve?”,
Wall Street Journal
, 9 December 2010, http://
online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703296604576005402699393590.html, (accessed 18
February 2011).
73 Despite large revenues from individual sports, no single college or university in the United States
has a financially self-sustaining athletics department. See Revenues and Expenses, 2004-2009,
NCAA Division I Intercollegiate Athletics Programs Report (2010),
com/productdownloads/REV_EXP_2010.pdf; and Gregg Easterbrook, “Why Are Athletic
Departments So Big?”,
7 December 2010,
story?page=easterbrook/101207_tuesday_morning_quarterback&sportCat=nfl, (accessed 18 February
74 NCAA, “History of Academic Reform”,
academics+history, (accessed 18 February 2011).
75 Even on the most successful football teams it is rare for more than ten per cent of players to move on
to professional careers.
76 As can be checked for any NCAA member institution and sport at:
public/rates/index.html, (accessed 18 February 2011).
77 The NCAA ruling of June 10, 2010 on infractions at USC is available at
ViewAttachment.aspx?EID=IHepzZCQPdH1AR50%2boeR8d6e/hIfTVcpMlzU0JhqOeU%3d, (accessed
18 February 2011).
78 George Dohrmann, “Confessions of an Agent”,
Sports Illustrated
, 12 October 2010, http://
sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2010/magazine/10/12/agent/index.html, (accessed 18 February 2011).
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