Description and rationale
National teams often fill their ranks with nation-
alised foreign players. Player motivation varies:
inability to make own team; honour of playing in
international competitions; expatriate interest in
returning to birth country and elevating its level
of play, etc.
Controversy surrounds rich developing coun-
tries’ practice of “buying” athletes to nation-
alise and field.
• 2008:
World Cross Country Championships
Qatari team finished third in men’s event with no
previous history of competing. Team composed of
athletes born in Kenya and offered huge salaries to
change their names and nationalities. In previous
2003 case Qatari Saif Saaeed Shaheen, formerly of
Kenya, won the 3,000m steeplechase at the World
Academic and
North American Universities frequently allow a
college athlete to play despite his or her failure to
maintain academic standards.
Although North American Division I University
programmes frequently relax admission require-
ments for athletic scholarship recipients, many
programmes are notorious for violating NCAA
recruitment and eligibility rules.
• 2009:
NCAA Basketball
: “Student-athletes” need not
be students. Hall of Fame coach Bobby Knight notes,
“a kid can play the first semester as a freshman, pass
six hours of anything and play in the NCAA tourna-
ment (in the spring) without ever attending a class in
the second semester.”
• 2010:
Reggie Bush
: NCAA hits University of South-
ern California with two-year bowl ban, four years’
probation, loss of scholarships, and forfeiture of all
2004 season victories, including national college foot-
ball championship, for improper benefits provided to
Heisman Trophy winner Reggie Bush. Bush returned
trophy to NCAA.
• 2010:
O.J. Mayo
: USC basketball programme admits
to recruiting violations related to Mayo, accepts one-
year ban on post-season competition, loss of some
scholarships, and forfeiture of all victories during
Mayo’s lone season.
GUARDING THE GAME Preserving the Integrity of Sport
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